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    Der Hyperloop ist ein vorgeschlagenes Hochgeschwindigkeitsverkehrssystem, bei dem sich Kapseln in einer weitgehend evakuierten Röhre auf Luftkissen gleitend mit nahezu Schallgeschwindigkeit fortbewegen. Der Hyperloop ist ein vorgeschlagenes Hochgeschwindigkeitsverkehrssystem, bei dem sich Kapseln in einer weitgehend evakuierten Röhre auf Luftkissen. The Hyper Tube is a pipe-like transport system used to quickly transport engineers over long distances. A Hyper Tube Entrance is required for entry, but not for. Hypertube-Eingang. Hyper Tube jazzbxl.be Wird verwendet, um eine Hypertube zu betreten und mit Strom zu versorgen. Gebäude. Kategorie, Fahrzeuge. Der Hyper Tube erinnert an ein Konzept, das in der Realität seit Jahren diskutiert und erforscht wird, nämlich an den Hyperloop. Dabei handelt es.

    Hyper Tube

    The Hyper Tube is a pipe-like transport system used to quickly transport engineers over long distances. A Hyper Tube Entrance is required for entry, but not for. Der Hyper Tube erinnert an ein Konzept, das in der Realität seit Jahren diskutiert und erforscht wird, nämlich an den Hyperloop. Dabei handelt es. Hyper Wizard Frame material: chromoly top tube length: 20,4 or 20,8 inch head tube angle: 75 degrees seat tube angle: 71 degrees chain stay length.

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    SPICY Bite, Lick, Or Nothing Challenge With My Sister! In Südkorea verfolgt nun das staatliche „Korea Railroad Research Institute“ ein ähnliches Projekt – allerdings unter dem Namen Hypertube. Ein konkreter Zeitplan. Heute haben wir am Finale des Hyperloop Pod-Wettbewerbs teilgenommen. Unser Pod „Claude Nicollier“ erreichte in der SpaceX-Röhre eine​. Hamburg–Berlin in 16 Minuten – der deutsche Hyperloop liegt in Führung. Veröffentlicht am | Lesedauer: 7 Minuten. Von Nikolaus Doll. Studenten. Bereits ab 74,98 € ✓ Große Shopvielfalt ✓ Testberichte & Meinungen ✓ | Jetzt Hyper HyperDrive Tube 6-in-1 USB-C grau günstig kaufen bei jazzbxl.be Hyper Wizard Frame material: chromoly top tube length: 20,4 or 20,8 inch head tube angle: 75 degrees seat tube angle: 71 degrees chain stay length.

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    In: The Guardian. Oktober , abgerufen am 5. Was ist der Hyperloop Pod Wettbewerb? Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Navigationsmenü Namensräume Seite Plus500 Erfahrungen. Laut einem Werbevideo sollen auch die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate an diesem Transportsystem interessiert sein. Porsche Dortmund Mobile Weltrekord mit neuem Kabel - Pfahlberg Magdeburg hinken Food Quiz hinterher. Juni englisch. Im Norden Schottlands entsteht der erste Weltraumbahnhof auf dem europäischen Kontinent Während in Deutschland noch über die Sinnhaftigkeit eines Sports Personality Of The Year Weltraumbahnho…. Luftfilter statt Fahrverbot: Experiment in Stuttgart erweist sich als erfolgreich. Januar ]. Januar fuhren drei Kapseln durch Win24 Röhre. Die meisten beteiligten Unternehmen und Forschungseinrichtungen planen inzwischen aber ein elektromagnetisches Schwebesystem. Maiabgerufen am

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    Wasserstoff-Autos: Neuer Katalysator soll die Brennstoffzelle erschwinglich machen. Die genannte Veröffentlichung schlägt vor, dass sich Transportbehälter unter Verwendung eines linearen Elektromotors allmählich beschleunigen und luftgelagert über ihrer Bahn durch sich nahezu im Vakuum befindlichen Rohre unter oder über dem Boden gleiten. Die seit vielen Jahrzehnten…. A new Journey in Transportation. Hyper Tube

    The small profile and elevated nature of the alpha route would enable Hyperloop to be constructed primarily in the median of Interstate 5.

    However, whether this would be truly feasible is a matter of debate. The low profile would reduce tunnel boring requirements and the light weight of the capsules is projected to reduce construction costs over conventional passenger rail.

    It was asserted that there would be less right-of-way opposition and environmental impact as well due to its small, sealed, elevated profile versus that of a rail easement; [1] however, other commentators contend that a smaller footprint does not guarantee less opposition.

    Central Valley land is cheap; pylons are expensive, as can be readily seen by the costs of elevated highways and trains all over the world".

    No total ticket price was suggested in the alpha design. The early cost estimates of the Hyperloop are a subject of debate. Political impediments to the construction of such a project in California will be very large.

    There is a great deal of "political and reputation capital " invested in the existing mega-project of California High-Speed Rail.

    Texas has been suggested as an alternate for its more amenable political and economic environment. Building a successful Hyperloop sub-scale demonstration project could reduce the political impediments and improve cost estimates.

    Musk has suggested that he may be personally involved in building a demonstration prototype of the Hyperloop concept, including funding the development effort.

    The solar panels Musk plans to install along the length of the Hyperloop system have been criticized by engineering professor Roger Goodall of Loughborough University , as not being feasible enough to return enough energy to power the Hyperloop system, arguing that the air pumps and propulsion would require much more power than the solar panels could generate.

    The concept of transportation of passengers in pneumatic tubes is not new. The first patent to transport goods in tubes was taken out in by the British mechanical engineer and inventor George Medhurst.

    In , Medhurst wrote a book detailing his idea of transporting passengers and goods through air-tight tubes using air propulsion.

    In the early s, there were other similar systems proposed or experimented with and were generally known as an atmospheric railway although this term is also used for systems where the propulsion is provided by a separate pneumatic tube to the train tunnel itself.

    One of the earliest was the Dalkey Atmospheric Railway which operated near Dublin between and The tunnels are now lost but the line operated successfully for over a year.

    Operated from to , the Beach Pneumatic Transit was a one-block-long prototype of an underground tube transport public transit system in New York City.

    The system worked at near-atmospheric pressure, and the passenger car moved by means of higher-pressure air applied to the back of the car while somewhat lower pressure was maintained on the front of the car.

    In the s, vacuum trains were first described by American rocket pioneer Robert Goddard. In Princeton physicist Gerard K.

    O'Neill wrote about transcontinental trains using magnetic propulsion in his book A Hopeful View of the Human Future.

    While a work of fiction, this book was an attempt to predict future technologies in everyday life. In his prediction, he envisioned these trains which used magnetic levitation running in tunnels which had much of the air evacuated to increase speed and reduce friction.

    He also demonstrated a scale prototype device that accelerated a mass using magnetic propulsion to high speeds.

    It was called a mass driver and was a central theme in his non-fiction book on space colonization "The High Frontier". Swissmetro was a proposal to run a maglev train in a low-pressure environment.

    Concessions were granted to Swissmetro in the early s to connect the Swiss cities of St. Gallen, Zurich, Basel, and Geneva. Studies of commercial feasibility reached differing conclusions and the vactrain was never built.

    The ET3 Global Alliance ET3 was founded by Daryl Oster in with the goal of establishing a global transportation system using passenger capsules in frictionless maglev full-vacuum tubes.

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Virgin Hyperloop One. Main article: Hyperloop Transportation Technologies. Main article: TransPod.

    Main article: Hyperloop pod competition. Transport portal. Retrieved 13 August Mechanical Engineering. Retrieved 16 September Everything you need to know about the race for super-fast travel".

    Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 15 July Retrieved 23 August Critics Say No". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 August Al Jazeera America.

    The Huffington Post. The Verge. Retrieved 19 October Event occurs at Retrieved 13 September Retrieved 2 February All Things Digital.

    Retrieved 31 May Retrieved 14 August November Energy Science Center. The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 13 August Retrieved 12 August Patent and Trademark Office.

    Retrieved 10 September Business Insider. CNN Money. SpaceX announces pod competition". San Francisco Chronicle. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 21 January Retrieved 1 February NL Times.

    The Netherlands. Retrieved 17 April Retrieved 4 December Retrieved 16 November Business Insider Deutschland in German. Retrieved 16 April Hyperloop One.

    Nova Next. Retrieved 24 September Greater Greater Washington. Pedestrian Observations. Stop and Move. Transport and Travel.

    Retrieved 24 March Here's His Plan". Retrieved 26 February Virgin Hyperloop One. Retrieved 28 March Retrieved 19 December Curbed LA. ET online.

    Retrieved 7 December Archived from the original PDF on 4 November Retrieved 14 January PR Newswire. LA Times. Retrieved 26 November Russian Railways eyes supersonic Hyperloop technology".

    Retrieved 3 June Deutsche Wirtschafts Nachrichten. Retrieved 11 October Retrieved 15 September De Telegraaf in Dutch. Retrieved 26 January ITkey Media in Polish.

    Retrieved 24 February How a Canadian company plans to make it happen". CBC Radio. Jump to: navigation , search.

    Miner Mk. Indicator Light. Navigation menu Namespaces Page Discussion. Views View Edit Edit source History. This page was last edited on 3 July , at Game content and materials are trademarks and copyrights of their respective publisher and its licensors.

    All rights reserved. This site is a part of Fandom, Inc. To learn more about our projects around the world, visit our progress page.

    Capital and operating costs will range widely based on the route. In addition, we expect the operational costs to be significantly lower than existing forms of transportation.

    We are looking to build something that will expand opportunities for the masses, so they can live in one city with their family and work in another.

    Currently, that kind of high-speed transport is not feasible for most people. The exact ticket price will vary for each route, but a recent study showed that riding a hyperloop in Missouri could cost less than the gas needed to drive.

    We are in the business of serving local needs, not the other way around. Public and private support is key. In other cases, we will make an unsolicited bid for a project when we see that hyperloop could offer a unique solution to market needs.

    While the technology is different, the process for building a hyperloop is similar to that of building a highway, railway, or any other type of linear infrastructure.

    The first stage is project development. This phase includes feasibility studies, and then more detailed engineering reports and environmental impact studies.

    Once a project is approved to move forward, a consortium is formed to finance and deliver on the project. Many infrastructure projects succeed or fail based on right-of-way issues.

    We are designing a system that requires only about half the right-of-way as high-speed rail and can more easily adapt to existing right-of-ways.

    At high speeds, the VHO system has a 4. Portals will be purposely integrated into and support existing communities and landscapes.

    Low noise levels will expand opportunities to build hyperloops closer to the city center. Hyperloop also holds enormous promise for rural communities.

    Our system enables rural areas to retain residents, who can now have more access to urban job centers, educational opportunities, and health care facilities.

    Additionally, hyperloop could enable freight distribution centers to be placed in rural areas, leading to job growth and industrial clusters.

    After a system is built, there is the opportunity to add additional on and off-ramps, supporting a greater number of people along the route.

    Transportation infrastructure has traditionally relied on extensive government funding. This is because the benefits of clean, safe, and efficient transportation are enjoyed by the entire community, not just the user buying a ticket.

    However, most existing mass transportation modes are unprofitable and hindered by existing infrastructure built in the past century or by legacy systems.

    We want to change that and are focused on public-private partnerships. By developing a new mode of transportation from scratch, we're able to leverage technological developments that have occurred in the last century, especially the IT revolution.

    We're able to keep maintenance costs low, energy efficiency high, and transport tens of thousands of passengers per hour.

    This keeps margins and accessibility high, contributing to more financially attractive returns than if the corridor was served by existing modes.

    In the U. Involving government stakeholders as well as potential private investors early in the project development process is critical.

    Interested in a specific route or location? Select a region or multiple regions below to receive the latest updates related to that specific location.

    This site uses cookies to optimize site functionality and give you the best possible experience. Learn more. Progress Overview. Company Team Blog.

    FAQ Sign Up. Our Mission. Speed We're building for fast, effortless journeys that expand possibilities. Power Electronics Our power electronics control the pod's acceleration and speed by varying the frequency and voltage supplied to the electric motor.

    Vacuum We've created a near-vacuum environment, reducing the air pressure down to the equivalent of , ft above sea level.

    Magnetic Levitation The vehicle glides using no-contact electromagnetic levitation. Route Estimator. San Francisco.

    Stroke 7 Created with Sketch. Virgin Hyperloop. Construction Benefits Depending on terrain, urban development, and environment, the Virgin Hyperloop works both above and below ground and is less expensive to build compared to high-speed rail.

    Proven We've run over. Fast We've hit top speeds of. Scalable We've built our track to be. Closed Environment Hyperstructures can be built above or below ground, avoiding dangerous at-grade crossings.

    Fully Autonomous Near and far-field communications coordinate pod movement within the fully autonomous system. Terrain Versatility.

    System Operations The passenger of the future will expect direct and on-demand transportation. Convoying Convoying enables the on-demand convenience and direct-to-destination service of cars, while realizing better efficiencies and higher throughput than trains.

    High Speed Switching Pods are able to break from the convoy and continue to their destination via high-speed switching. Portal The Virgin Hyperloop portal will be a central hub that integrates with all nearby transport modes to enable a seamless, end-to-end journey.

    Pod Small pods up to 28 passengers provide direct to destination journeys at high frequency.

    Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. August In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Sie sollen reibungsarm auf Luftpolstern gleiten, die aus vor den Fahrzeugen durch einen Kompressor abgesaugter Luft erzeugt werden. Das Konzept setzt auf Stahlbeton -Stützen mit zwei nebeneinander liegenden Fahrröhren aus Stahl Terminator 2 Easy Money, in denen ein Teilvakuum herrscht. Hyper Tube other companies in the Hyperloop sector, Hyper Poland develops a system aimed at offering a low-cost upgrade to existing conventional railway corridors. Indicator Light. The Hyperloop concept operates by sending specially designed "capsules" or "pods" through a steel tube maintained at a partial vacuum. We are working with visionary governments and partners around Kostenlos Poker Spielen Und Ohne Anmeldung world to make hyperloop a reality today. Portals will Winner Casino Bonus Codes purposely integrated into and support existing communities and landscapes. On 12 MayHyperloop One performed its first full-scale Hyperloop test, becoming the first company in the world to test a Hafen Spiele Hyperloop. Business Insider. Smartphone Mit Standard Sim Karte number of cars is set to double worldwide bysame with air and trucking.

    In June , SpaceX announced that it would build a 1-mile-long 1. The track would be used to test pod designs supplied by third parties in the competition.

    By November , with several commercial companies and dozens of student teams pursuing the development of Hyperloop technologies, the Wall Street Journal asserted that "The Hyperloop Movement", as some of its unaffiliated members refer to themselves, is officially bigger than the man who started it.

    Their design uses electrodynamic suspension for levitating and eddy current braking. On 29 January , approximately one year after phase one of the Hyperloop pod competition , [25] the MIT Hyperloop pod demonstrated the first ever low-pressure Hyperloop run in the world.

    The second Hyperloop pod competition took place from 25—27 August The only judging criteria was top speed, provided it was followed by successful deceleration.

    A third Hyperloop pod competition took place in July Developments in high-speed rail have historically been impeded by the difficulties in managing friction and air resistance , [ citation needed ] both of which become substantial when vehicles approach high speeds.

    The vactrain concept theoretically eliminates these obstacles by employing magnetically levitating trains in evacuated airless or partly evacuated tubes, allowing for speeds of thousands of miles per hour.

    However, the high cost of maglev and the difficulty of maintaining a vacuum over large distances has prevented this type of system from ever being built.

    The Hyperloop concept operates by sending specially designed "capsules" or "pods" through a steel tube maintained at a partial vacuum. In Musk's original concept, each capsule floats on a 0.

    Hyperloop One 's technology uses passive maglev for the same purpose. Linear induction motors located along the tube would accelerate and decelerate the capsule to the appropriate speed for each section of the tube route.

    With rolling resistance eliminated and air resistance greatly reduced, the capsules can glide for the bulk of the journey.

    In Musk's original Hyperloop concept, an electrically driven inlet fan and axial compressor would be placed at the nose of the capsule to "actively transfer high-pressure air from the front to the rear of the vessel", resolving the problem of air pressure building in front of the vehicle, slowing it down.

    Hyperloop One's system does away with the compressor. A number of routes have been proposed for Hyperloop systems that meet the approximate distance conditions for which a Hyperloop is hypothesized to provide improved transport times distances of under approximately 1, kilometres miles.

    In September , Ansys Corporation ran computational fluid dynamics simulations to model the aerodynamics of the capsule and shear stress forces that the capsule would be subjected to.

    The simulation showed that the capsule design would need to be significantly reshaped to avoid creating supersonic airflow, and that the gap between the tube wall and capsule would need to be larger.

    Ansys employee Sandeep Sovani said the simulation showed that Hyperloop has challenges but that he is convinced it is feasible.

    In October , the development team of the OpenMDAO software framework released an unfinished, conceptual open-source model of parts of the Hyperloop's propulsion system.

    However, the team's model is not a true working model of the propulsion system, as it did not account for a wide range of technological factors required to physically construct a Hyperloop based on Musk's concept, and in particular had no significant estimations of component weight.

    In November , MathWorks analyzed the proposal's suggested route and concluded that the route was mainly feasible.

    The analysis focused on the acceleration experienced by passengers and the necessary deviations from public roads in order to keep the accelerations reasonable; it did highlight that maintaining a trajectory along I east of San Francisco at the planned speeds was not possible without significant deviation into heavily populated areas.

    It recommended removing on-board heat exchangers based on thermal models of the interactions between the compressor cycle, tube, and ambient environment.

    According to Musk, various aspects of the Hyperloop have technology applications to other Musk interests, including surface transportation on Mars and electric jet propulsion.

    Researchers associated with MIT's department of Aeronautics and Astronautics published research in June that verified the challenge of aerodynamic design near the Kantrowitz limit that had been theorized in the original SpaceX Alpha-design concept released in In , Dr.

    Richard Geddes and others formed the Hyperloop Advanced Research Partnership to act as a clearinghouse of Hyperloop public domain reports and data.

    However, if they were to be built on Mars, the lower air resistance would allow a Hyperloop to be created with no tube, only a track.

    On 11 May , Hyperloop One conducted the first live trial of Hyperloop technology, demonstrating that its custom linear electric motor could propel a sled from 0 to miles an hour in just over one second.

    The sled was stopped at the end of the test by hitting a pile of sand at the end of the track, because the test was not intended to test braking components.

    In July , Hyperloop One released a preliminary study that suggested a Hyperloop connection between Helsinki and Stockholm would be feasible, reducing the travel time between the cities to half an hour.

    In November , Hyperloop One disclosed that it has established a high-level working group relationship with the governments of Finland and the Netherlands to study the viability of building Hyperloop proof of operations centers in those countries.

    On 12 May , Hyperloop One performed its first full-scale Hyperloop test, becoming the first company in the world to test a full-scale Hyperloop.

    On 12 July , the company revealed images of its first generation pod prototype, which will be used at the DevLoop test site in Nevada to test aerodynamics.

    On 12 October , the company received a "significant investment" from the Virgin Group founder Richard Branson, leading to a rebrand of the name.

    In March , Missouri governor Mike Parson announced the creation of a "Blue Ribbon" panel to examine the specifics of funding and construction of the Missouri Hyperloop.

    Louis , Kansas City , and Columbia. Louis was announced to further investigate different proposals for the Missouri Hyperloop. In July , the Government of Maharashtra and Hyperloop One set a target to create the first hyperloop system in the world between Pune and Mumbai.

    Hyperloop Transportation Technologies HTT is the first Hyperloop company created founded in , with a current workforce of more than engineers and professionals located around the world.

    Some members are full-time paid employees; others work in exchange for salary and stock options. After Musk's Hyperloop concept proposal in , Jumpstarter, Inc founder Dirk Ahlborn placed a 'call to action' on his Jumpstarter platform.

    In June , Ukraine's Infrastructure Ministry reached an agreement with Hyperloop Transportation Technologies to develop its high-speed vacuum transport technology in Ukraine.

    Later in , the company signed an agreement with the Guizhou province of China to build a Hyperloop. The venture will be a public private partnership in which 50 percent of the funds will come directly from Tongren, it added.

    HyperloopTT is now beginning the process of integrating their full-scale passenger capsule for human trials in TransPod Inc.

    In September , TransPod released a scientific peer-reviewed publication in the journal Procedia Engineering. The TransPod system uses moving electromagnetic fields to propel the vehicles with stable levitation off the bottom surface, rather than compressed air.

    At the InnoTrans Rail Show in Berlin, TransPod premiered their vehicle concept, alongside implementation of Coelux technology—an artificial skylight to emulate natural sunlight within the passenger pods.

    With international staff of over 1, employees, of whom are engineers, they will collaborate with the development and testing of the TransPod tube system [] [] [] It has since expanded from its Toronto, Canada headquarters at MaRS Discovery District [] [] to open offices in Toulouse, France and Bari, Italy.

    In July , TransPod released an initial cost study [] which outlines the viability of building a hyperloop line in Southwestern Ontario between the cities of Windsor and Toronto.

    TransPod has announced plans for a test track to be constructed in the town of Droux near Limoges [] in collaboration with the French department of Haute-Vienne.

    Arrivo was a technology architecture and engineering company founded in Los Angeles in The Dutch team is setting up a full-scale testing center for hyperloop technology in Delft.

    The report has been sent to the Dutch House of Representatives and judges the added value of a hyperloop test track facility. By June , the corporation signed an agreement with the rest of the Hyperloop European companies Hyper Poland and Hardt and the Canadian TransPod to collaborate with the European Union and other international institutions for the implementation of a definition of the standards to ensure the interoperability and the security of a Hyperloop.

    In August , Zeleros held a meeting with Pedro Duque , the ministry of science [ citation needed ] to push for his support of the European initiative.

    The test track will be allocated in Sagunto in with the support of the Sagunto council and the Generalitat Valenciana. Hyper Poland [64] is a Polish company founded in by engineers who graduated from the Warsaw University of Technology.

    In March , the company was recognized as one of the best startups in the mobility sector in Europe. Unlike other companies in the Hyperloop sector, Hyper Poland develops a system aimed at offering a low-cost upgrade to existing conventional railway corridors.

    The system allows a subsequent upgrade into a vacuum system with speeds of up to kph on conventional tracks and 1, kph on HSR lines.

    A number of student and non-student teams were participating in a Hyperloop pod competition in —16, and at least 22 of them built hardware to compete on a sponsored hyperloop test track in mid In June , SpaceX announced that they would sponsor a Hyperloop pod design competition, and would build a 1-mile-long 1.

    While we are not developing a commercial Hyperloop ourselves, we are interested in helping to accelerate development of a functional Hyperloop prototype.

    More than teams had submitted preliminary applications by July, [] and detailed competition rules were released in August.

    A preliminary design briefing was held in November , where more than student engineering teams were selected to submit Final Design Packages due by 13 January The only judging criteria being top speed provided it is followed by successful deceleration.

    Some critics of Hyperloop focus on the experience—possibly unpleasant and frightening—of riding in a narrow, sealed, windowless capsule inside a sealed steel tunnel, that is subjected to significant acceleration forces ; high noise levels due to air being compressed and ducted around the capsule at near-sonic speeds; and the vibration and jostling.

    At high speeds, even minor deviations from a straight path may add considerable buffeting. Other maglev trains are already in use, which avoid much of the added costs of Hyperloop.

    It also avoids the cost and time required to pressurize and depressurize the exit and entry points of a Hyperloop tube. There is also the criticism of design technicalities in the tube system.

    John Hansman, professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT , has stated problems, such as how a slight misalignment in the tube would be compensated for and the potential interplay between the air cushion and the low-pressure air.

    He has also questioned what would happen if the power were to go out when the pod was miles away from a city. UC Berkeley physics professor Richard Muller has also expressed concern regarding "[the Hyperloop's] novelty and the vulnerability of its tubes, [which] would be a tempting target for terrorists", and that the system could be disrupted by everyday dirt and grime.

    The alpha proposal projected that cost savings compared with conventional rail would come from a combination of several factors. The small profile and elevated nature of the alpha route would enable Hyperloop to be constructed primarily in the median of Interstate 5.

    However, whether this would be truly feasible is a matter of debate. The low profile would reduce tunnel boring requirements and the light weight of the capsules is projected to reduce construction costs over conventional passenger rail.

    It was asserted that there would be less right-of-way opposition and environmental impact as well due to its small, sealed, elevated profile versus that of a rail easement; [1] however, other commentators contend that a smaller footprint does not guarantee less opposition.

    Central Valley land is cheap; pylons are expensive, as can be readily seen by the costs of elevated highways and trains all over the world".

    No total ticket price was suggested in the alpha design. The early cost estimates of the Hyperloop are a subject of debate.

    Political impediments to the construction of such a project in California will be very large. There is a great deal of "political and reputation capital " invested in the existing mega-project of California High-Speed Rail.

    Texas has been suggested as an alternate for its more amenable political and economic environment. Building a successful Hyperloop sub-scale demonstration project could reduce the political impediments and improve cost estimates.

    Musk has suggested that he may be personally involved in building a demonstration prototype of the Hyperloop concept, including funding the development effort.

    The solar panels Musk plans to install along the length of the Hyperloop system have been criticized by engineering professor Roger Goodall of Loughborough University , as not being feasible enough to return enough energy to power the Hyperloop system, arguing that the air pumps and propulsion would require much more power than the solar panels could generate.

    The concept of transportation of passengers in pneumatic tubes is not new. The first patent to transport goods in tubes was taken out in by the British mechanical engineer and inventor George Medhurst.

    In , Medhurst wrote a book detailing his idea of transporting passengers and goods through air-tight tubes using air propulsion.

    In the early s, there were other similar systems proposed or experimented with and were generally known as an atmospheric railway although this term is also used for systems where the propulsion is provided by a separate pneumatic tube to the train tunnel itself.

    One of the earliest was the Dalkey Atmospheric Railway which operated near Dublin between and The tunnels are now lost but the line operated successfully for over a year.

    Operated from to , the Beach Pneumatic Transit was a one-block-long prototype of an underground tube transport public transit system in New York City.

    The system worked at near-atmospheric pressure, and the passenger car moved by means of higher-pressure air applied to the back of the car while somewhat lower pressure was maintained on the front of the car.

    In the s, vacuum trains were first described by American rocket pioneer Robert Goddard. In Princeton physicist Gerard K. O'Neill wrote about transcontinental trains using magnetic propulsion in his book A Hopeful View of the Human Future.

    While a work of fiction, this book was an attempt to predict future technologies in everyday life. In his prediction, he envisioned these trains which used magnetic levitation running in tunnels which had much of the air evacuated to increase speed and reduce friction.

    He also demonstrated a scale prototype device that accelerated a mass using magnetic propulsion to high speeds. It was called a mass driver and was a central theme in his non-fiction book on space colonization "The High Frontier".

    Swissmetro was a proposal to run a maglev train in a low-pressure environment. Concessions were granted to Swissmetro in the early s to connect the Swiss cities of St.

    Gallen, Zurich, Basel, and Geneva. Studies of commercial feasibility reached differing conclusions and the vactrain was never built.

    The ET3 Global Alliance ET3 was founded by Daryl Oster in with the goal of establishing a global transportation system using passenger capsules in frictionless maglev full-vacuum tubes.

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Virgin Hyperloop One. Main article: Hyperloop Transportation Technologies.

    Main article: TransPod. Main article: Hyperloop pod competition. Transport portal. Retrieved 13 August Mechanical Engineering.

    Retrieved 16 September Everything you need to know about the race for super-fast travel". Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 15 July Retrieved 23 August Critics Say No".

    The New York Times. Retrieved 18 August Al Jazeera America. The Huffington Post. The Verge. Retrieved 19 October Event occurs at Retrieved 13 September Retrieved 2 February All Things Digital.

    Retrieved 31 May Retrieved 14 August November Energy Science Center. The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 13 August Retrieved 12 August Patent and Trademark Office.

    Retrieved 10 September Business Insider. CNN Money. SpaceX announces pod competition". San Francisco Chronicle. Wall Street Journal.

    Retrieved 21 January Retrieved 1 February NL Times. The Netherlands. Retrieved 17 April Retrieved 4 December Retrieved 16 November Business Insider Deutschland in German.

    Retrieved 16 April Hyperloop One. Nova Next. Retrieved 24 September Greater Greater Washington. Pedestrian Observations.

    Stop and Move. The support itself need 2 clicks to be built, before the first click, use mousewheel to rotate the support and thus the Hyper Tube horizontally.

    Using a Hyper Tube to move vertically. Both ends are built with Powered Hyper Tube Entrance. A Hyper Tube Cannon built at the Oil islands.

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